Angola: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, history, size, population, and government in the country of Angola.



Location--Southwestern Africa; to the north is Zaire and to the east is Zambia. Namibia is to the south and to the west is the South Atlantic.

How Created--Angola's boundaries were formed by the Berlin West Africa Congress (1884-1885), in which France, Germany, and Portugal won recognition of their colonies. In 1974, after 13 years of guerrilla warfare, Angola gained a promise of independence from Portugal. Official independence day is set for November 11, 1975.

Size--481,351 sq. mi. (1,246,700 sq. km.), 14 times bigger than Portugal-its former colonial master.

Population--5.8 million: Bantu, 91.5%; European, 6%; mixed, 2.5%. Of the African population, 33% are members of the Ovimbundu tribe, 25% Bakongo, 25% Kimbundu, 8% Chokewe. 50% of the population follows tribal religions, 38% Roman Catholicism, 12% Protestantism.

Who Rules-Theoretically, an interim government of whites and liberation groups pledged to a "one-person one-vote" election to form a constituent assembly, which will then draw up a new constitution.

Who REALLY Rules--The liberation parties are the only groups allowed to present candidates for election. They are the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, the National Front for the Liberation of Angola, and the National Union for Total Independence of Angola.

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