Biography of Classical Composer Franz Schubert Part 2
About the famous classical composer Franz Schubert, biography and history of the musician.
Franz Schubert (1797-1828).
Schubert's life was never one of wealth and comfort. He taught at his father's school after he left choir school. The pay was wretched and a few times he quit teaching in order to compose. Occasionally some friends helped out, and in later years there were a few publications. While it was not a prosperous life, it certainly was that of a bon vivant. Schubert had a circle of friends that spent practically every evening in one or another of Vienna's taverns. There were musicians, writers, lawyers, rich men, and poor men in the circle. They all felt a strong bond of affection for the composer, and many of the evenings were spent in someone's home listening to the playing and singing of Schubert and Johann Michael Vogl, his longtime friend. After the "Schubertiad," as such a musical evening came to be called, the young men would return to the tavern to refresh themselves and argue. It was a free life. The "Schubertiads" began in 1816 and continued until Schubert died. Many of his finest songs, among them "An die Musik," "Der Tod und das Madchen" ("Death and the Maiden"), and "Die Forelle" ("The Trout"), were 1st heard in such sessions. The last 2 songs became bases for famous chamber works later.
The last 5 years were spent in disintegrating health. Schubert had contracted syphilis in late 1822, and the terrible disease (there being no cure in those days) slowly ate its way through his body. Still, some of the greatest works came from that time. The song cycle Die Schone Mullerin (The Pretty Miller's Daughter) and the Rosamunde music were composed in 1823: "Who is Sylvia?," "Im Fruhling" ("In Spring"), "Hark, Hark the Lark," and the beloved "Ave Maria" in 1825; Die Winterreise (Winter Journey) in 1827; and in the last year, 1828, "Auf dem Strom" ("On the Strand"), "Der Hirt auf dem Felsen" ("The Shepherd of the Rock"), and Standchen, Schubert's beautiful and beloved Serenade. The disease eventually wasted his body to the point that a case of typhoid proved fatal. Schubert died in November, 1828.
Schubert as a composer lived in relative obscurity. He met Beethoven for the 1st time, in 1827, a week before that illustrious composer died, even though both had lived in Vienna for years. Publishers generally ignored Schubert except for an occasional song or smaller work. His brother Ferdinand tried to interest publishers in the great quantity of music Schubert left behind when he died. Ferdinand met some success, but it was not until 1865 that the world began to recognize his brother's genius. Herbeck's discovery of the Unfinished Symphony was almost a turning point. After that symphony--and several other orchestral works--became familiar throughout Europe, Schubert finally gained the recognition he deserved. He is buried in the circle of famous musicians in Vienna's Central Cemetery, next to Brahms and just 2 graves away from Beethoven.
|You Are Here: Trivia-Library Home » Biography of Composers - Classical » Biography of Classical Composer Franz Schubert Part 2|
|DISCLAIMER: PLEASE READ - By printing, downloading, or using you agree to our full terms. Review the full terms at the following URL: /disclaimer.htm|