Biography of Famous Horses and Jockeys: Citation and Steve Brooks

Abou the famous award winning horse Citation and his jockey Steve Brooks, history and biography.


Jockey--Steve Brooks

Citation was in many ways a transitional horse. He ended one era and began another. When he won the Triple Crown in 1948, it brought to a close an amazing 10-year span that saw 5 horses do the same. The next winner was Secretriat, in 1973. At the same time he was the 1st-ever equine millionaire earner. Yet purses have so increased that Citation is only 11th on the all-time money-winners list.

The big chestnut colt was the star of Calumet Farms' stable. When he won the Derby as a 5-4 favorite, his stablemate Coaltown placed 2nd. Citation was in the money in 44 of 45 starts, winning 32. He was Two Year Old Champion of 1947, and Horse of the Year in 1948.

Steve Brooks was given the chance to ride Citation in this race when the horse's regular rider, Eddie Arcaro, was assigned to Nashua. Winner of over 4,000 races, Brooks was elected to the Jockey Hall of Fame in 1962, and the Racing Hall of Fame in 1963. He was top money winner of 1949, when he brought home a 16-1 shot, Ponder, in the Kentucky Derby.

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