Chad: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, history, size, population, and government in the country of Chad.

CHAD

NITTY GRITTY

Location--Landlocked in North Central Africa, bounded on the north by Libya; on the east by the Sudan; on the south by the Central African Republic; and on the west by Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.

How Created--Britain and France demarcated their respective spheres of influence in the area in 1899, resulting in Chad's becoming a French colony once its people were subdued.

Size--489,750 sq. mi. (1,268,460 sq. km.).

Population--4.2 million: Sudanese Arab, 29.9%; Bagirmi, Sara, and Kreish, 24.6%; Teda, 7.5%; Mbum, 7.1%; Maba and Masalit, 6.7%; Tama, 6.3%; Mubi and Sokoro, 4.5%; Kanuri, 2.6%; Dagu, 2.4%; Hausa, 2.2%; Masa and Musgu, 2.2%; Kotoko, 2.2%; others, 1.8%. 41% Muslim, 30% Animist, 29% Christian.

Who Rules--A 9-member Supreme Military Council which took power following a coup on April 13, 1975.

Who REALLY Rules--The military is definitely in control. France continues to pour millions of francs into the country for economic development and maintains a garrison of military officer "advisers" at Ndjamena.

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