Denmark: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, history, size, population, and government in the country of Denmark.



Location--The southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, Denmark consists of the Jutland peninsula, 500 islands between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, the 17 Faeroe Islands in the northern Atlantic Ocean, and Greenland (See: Greenland). Denmark proper is bordered on the south by West Germany.

How Created--From the 8th through the 11th centuries, the Vikings made Denmark a major power in Europe. During the 17th century, wars with Sweden resulted in the rollback of Denmark's eastern border to its current position. In the early 19th century, Denmark was forced to cede Norway to Sweden. In 1864, war with Prussia and Austria resulted in Denmark's loss of over 1/3 of her southern territory, but in 1920, Denmark recovered through a plebiscite a major portion of this territory.

Size--16,629 sq. mi. (43,069 sq. km.).

Population--5.1 million: almost 100% Scandinavian. 95% Lutheran.

Who Rules--Denmark is a constitutional monarchy ruled by Queen Margrethe II. The Parliament is unicameral and consists of 179 members who are elected at least every 4 years.

Who REALLY Rules--Denmark seems to be ruled by its elected representatives. There is no great individual personal wealth in Denmark. In the 1973 Parliamentary elections, 1/3 of the seats were won by parties which had never held seats before.

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