Egypt: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government
About the location, history, size, population, and government in the country of Egypt.
Location--Egypt is in the northeast corner of the continent of Africa, bordered on the west by Libya, on the south by the Sudan, on the east by the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba, and Israel. Its northern boundary is the Mediterranean shore.
How Created--Egypt has been defined for centuries by the Nile River. Its present shape and existence were affected by British occupation of Egypt in the 19th and 20th centuries, but certainly not created by the British. At present, large parts of the Sinai peninsula are under Israeli occupation as a result of the 1967 war.
Size--386,900 sq. mi. (1,002,000 sq.km.).
Population-38 million: Arab, 99.6%. 92.9% Muslim, 6.7% Christian, 0.4% other.
Who Rules--The President, currently chosen by the National Assembly and confirmed by plebiscite. The legislature, or National Assembly, has 350 members elected by universal suffrage and 10 who can be appointed by the President.
Who REALLY Rules--The Arab Socialist Union, Egypt's only political party. It is devoted to pan-Arabism and controls all seats in the National Assembly. The President heads and effectively controls the party. The political bureaucrats of the ASU are not responsible to an electorate.
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