ESP and Mind Reading Clairvoyance
About the psychic phenomenon known as clairvoyance a form of mind reading, history and research studies.
This is the form of ESP in which one becomes aware of objects or events. Literally, the word means "clear seeing" and applies to those who "see" psychically--their impressions take the form of pictures. Others may receive their psychic impressions in the form of spoken words or messages that only they hear, and this is properly called clairaudience. Those who get a "feeling" that comes in neither words nor pictures have clairsentience. However, for most purposes the 3 are lumped together and called clairvoyance.
The experiment mentioned earlier in which the subject described a place of which he knew only the longitude and latitude appears to be a clear case of long-distance clairvoyance. Yet, where distance is involved, one always has to wonder whether astral projection is involved. Did the subjects perhaps project to the correct location in order to describe it? Some experimenters are now using the term "remote viewing" so that there is no need for them to clarify whether they are referring to clairvoyance or to astral projection.
Almost certainly Edgar Cayce, a simple Kentuckian who died in 1945, was clairvoyant. While in a trance, Cayce (pronounced Kaycee) would be given the name and address of someone he had never met or heard of. He would promptly describe their physical and emotional condition, often in medical terms unknown to Cayce in his conscious state, and suggest the proper treatment. When followed, his treatment almost always worked. In many cases medicines were mentioned which neither the awakened Cayce nor the patient could identify. Sometimes much research was necessary before they could be found. In one case the patient, unable to find what Cayce had prescribed for him, had Cayce dictate the formula while in trance. Later it was discovered that the medicine had been made in France some 50 years previously. When the patient at last contacted the son of the original manufacturer, the formula he was given was the exact duplicate of that received from Cayce.
The use of clairvoyance for diagnosis is one of the most promising practical applications of ESP. Some clairvoyants diagnose by seeing the patient's aura. Others can get a clear picture of what is actually wrong by "tuning in" to the patient. Sometimes they will even feel the sensations from which the patient is suffering.
In the research laboratory, clairvoyance is an easy form of ESP to test, though the term GESP is often used to indicate that telepathy and precognition have not been completely ruled out. Subjects may be asked to guess at ESP cards showing symbols such as a square, circle, or star, or at similar symbols written down and sealed in envelopes. Pictures of persons, places, or scenes are also used, and make more interesting targets.
Probably the most outstanding experimental clairvoyant of recent times is Pavel Stepanek, a Czechoslovakian who has been tested both in his home country and in America. Most psychic sensitives seem to lose their ability after being subjected to lengthy laboratory testing, but Stepanek's talent has survived more than 10 years of research.
A very simple form of clairvoyance is that known as psychometry, or "token object reading." The clairvoyant holds an object or photograph, and from it seems to get impressions of its history and the people to whom it has belonged. The difficulty of reducing this type of experiment to statistics and of calculating the chance probability of any answer's being right or wrong makes it unpopular in the laboratory, but for the would-be clairvoyant it is an interesting way to start practicing.
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