French Guiana: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About French Guiana, information, history size, location, population, people, culture, and government.

French Guiana

Size--34,700 sq. mi. (90,000 sq. km.). Population--52,000.

On the northeast coast of South America, Guiana is an underpopulated jungle (90% of the land is tropical rain forest) whose chief claim to fame is Devil's Island, 6 mi. offshore. It was to this island that Alfred Dreyfus was unjustly condemned for supposed treason in 1895. So many criminals and political prisoners died either on the island or in one of the many penal colonies on the mainland that French Guiana was known as the "dry guillotine." Today Guiana is overly dependent on France and the presence of a satellite-launching post has given great control over the colony to the French military and Federal bureaucracy.

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