Ghana: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, history, size, population, and government of the country Ghana.



Location-In the "hump" of West Africa, with a 300-mi. southern coastline along the Gulf of Guinea. To the north, Upper Volta; to the east, Togo; to the west, Upper Volta and Ivory Coast.

How Created-Borders are arbitrary, resulting from a long series of battles among kingdoms, colonists, and natives. Prior to independence, Ghana was the British colony of Gold Coast.

Size-92,100 sq. mi. (238,539 sq. km.).

Population-10 million: Akan, 44.1%; Mossi-Dagomba, 15.9%; Ewe, 13%; Ga-Adangme, 8.3%; Guima, 3.5%; Yoruba, 1.6%; 70 other tribes, 13.6%. 38.2% Animist, 29% Protestant, 13.8% Roman Catholic, 12% Muslim, 7% other religion or no religion.

Who Rules-The military. Ghana's republican constitution has been "temporarily suspended."

Who REALLY Rules-Cocoa. Struggling to get out of a deep national debt, Ghana has borrowed considerable amounts of money, mostly interest-free, from the U.S., Britain, France, and other Western nations, and has relied on technical and financial assistance from the U.S.S.R., China, and East European countries, in an effort to establish an independent economy based on modern industries. So far, it has been unable to build up a sound economy, and remains indebted to foreign governments. Meanwhile, the economy is based on the cocoa crop, all of which is purchased by the Ghana Cocoa Marketing Board, whose sales offices are based in London.

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