Great Britain: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, history, size, population, and government of the country Great Britain.



Location-An island off the northwest coast of Europe, consisting of England, Scotland, and Wales. Also the Channel Islands in the south, the Orkney and Shetland Islands in the north, and the Isle of Man in the west.

How Created-Originally inhabited by Celts, Britain was invaded by the Romans in 55 B.C. and eventually made a Roman province. When the Romans withdrew in 442 A.D., the island was besieged by various invaders and settlers including the Jutes, the Saxons, and the Angles (whose gods Twi, Woden, Thunor, and Frigg have survived to this day as Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday). In 1066 England succumbed to the Norman Conquest and thereafter the British stopped being invaded and began invading. The independent kingdom of Wales was conquered in 1282 and fighting between England and Scotland was settled in 1707 when the 2 nations united to form Great Britain.

Size-88,764 sq. mi. (229,899 sq. km.).

Population-55,500,000: (including No. Ireland) English, 81.5%; Scottish, 9.6%; Irish, 2.4%; Welsh, 1.9%; Ulster, 1.8%; other, 2.8%. 50% Church of England, 10.9% Roman Catholic, 2.7% Muslim, 2.2% Church of Scotland, 1.2% Methodist, 0.8% Jewish, 0.5% Baptist, 0.3% Congregationalist, 33.4% no religion, other religion, or not stated.

Who Rules-Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy. The Crown rules symbolically while the power lies in Parliament and the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister.

Who REALLY Rules-American and British corporations exert great influence on the Government. For example, in spite of protests at home and abroad, Britain sold aircraft and arms to South Africa to "protect it from Communism." Obviously, the arms are to be used to protect the white minority from the black majority. American corporations like Ford and Esso Europe receive great privileges such as tax exemptions. Americans working for American institutions including American schools are tax exempt for the 1st 2 years. If they leave England at the end of 2 years, they have lived tax free, both in England and in the U.S.

Polls indicate that only 10% of the people feel the Government is the real power; 66% think it is the unions. However, a wide gap usually exists between the union leaders and the workers.

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