Guam: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About Guam, information, history size, location, population, people, culture, and government.


Size--210 sq. mi. (554 sq. km.). Population--115,000, including over 30,000 U.S. military personnel and dependents.

Located east of the Asian continent, Guam is about 1,550 mi. from Tokyo and Manila. Off the edge of Guam is the Marianas Trench, the deepest known point on earth (38,198'). The southernmost of the Mariana Islands, Guam is the most distant of all U.S. colonies, being over 5,000 mi. from San Francisco. Well known as a launching pad for B-52 raids in Indochina, the U.S. military remains the mainstay of the economy. The admiral in charge still refers to himself as the "mayor of Guam" since the Navy and Air Force own over 1/3 of the island. Tourist promoters and speculators control most of what the military does not. Guamanians are American "citizens" but cannot vote in U.S. presidential elections. Men on the island must register for the draft and, on a per capita basis, Guamanians had more of their men killed in Vietnam than any U.S. State. In 1973 the UN General Assembly called on the U.S. to hold a free election on Guam to allow the people of the island to choose their own future.

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