Guinea: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, history, size, population, and government of the country Guinea.



Location-In West Africa, with a western coastline along the Atlantic Ocean; to the north, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali Republic; to the east, Ivory Coast; to the south, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

How Created-In the late 19th century Guinea's borders were agreed upon by the French colonists and the British who occupied Sierra Leone; later, the borders between Portuguese Guinea and Liberia were established.

Size-94,925 sq. mi. (245,857 sq. km.).

Population-4,350,000: Fulani, 40.3%; Mandingo, 25.8%; Susu, 11%; Kisi, 6.5%; Kpelle, 4.8%; Dyalonke, 3.2%; Loma and Banda, 3.2%; other, 5.2%. 62% Muslim, 35% Animist, 3% Christian and others.

Who Rules-President elected by direct universal suffrage to a 7-year term. Currently, President Ahmed Sekou Toure. National Assembly has 75 members; all belong to the Parti Democratique de Guinee.

Who REALLY Rules-Toure's independence slogan is famous: "We prefer poverty in freedom to riches in slavery." It seems to be true, too. This impoverished nation has held on to its independence remarkably well. When relations were suspended with France, Guinea accepted economic and technical assistance from the U.S.S.R., but repudiated "foreign communism": Toure, an African Marxist, would not allow Guinea to become a satellite nation. At the present, aid is accepted, with no strings attached, from the U.S., the U.S.S.R., and China, and from several other Western capitalist countries.

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