History of Rape, Prevention, Crime and Punishment Part 1 Introduction

About the history of rape, prevention of it, the amount of rapes in crime statistics, laws and punishment.

Rape Control Fails to Halt Increased Rape Rate

Every State in the U.S. has its own penal code definition of forcible rape from New Hampshire's new law, which defines sexual contact as "any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person, including female breasts and buttocks," to older laws which define sexual contact as vaginal penetration by a male penis and/or sexual gratification involving the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another. Generally the crime consists of a male engaging in sexual intercourse with a woman without her consent, and by the use of force or the threat of force.

More Awareness, but More Rapes. In 1973, thanks to the aggressive campaigning of women's groups (from the most radical Rape Crisis Centers to the conservative 11-million-member General Federation of Women's Clubs) and to realistic media coverage, the American consciousness regarding rape was raised as never before. Has this resulted in a reduction of forcible rape cases? No. The preliminary figures for 1973 from the Federal Bureau of Investigation show a 10% increase over the 46,430 rapes which the FBI Uniform Crime Report showed for 1972. Translating this into more realistic terms by recognizing that 10 rapes are committed for every one reported, America, in 1973, broke the half million mark in forcible rape.

Some observers, notably in certain law enforcement and legal defense areas, maintain that the upswing is not a genuine one; that it is accounted for by the fact that more women are now willing to report the crime than ever before. Others, while conceding the possibility of increased reports, believe that the increase is real and goes beyond the element of the reporting element per se.

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