Iceland: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About Iceland, information, history size, location, population, people, culture, and government.


Size--39,768 sq. mi. (103,000 sq. km.). Population--225,000.

A large island in the North Atlantic Ocean, Iceland--now a republic with a President and a Prime Minister--was originally settled by Irish hermits in the 9th century. They were followed by peoples of Nordic origin, mostly Norwegians, with a blending of Celtic blood that resulted from raids along the Irish coast. Most of the people live in concrete houses because every plank of lumber has to be imported. Buildings are heated by water from volcanic springs. Volcanic eruptions occur every 5 or 6 years and 1/3 of the total output of lava on the earth since 1500 A.D. has come from Icelandic volcanoes.

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