Information about Nuts: Walnuts

About wa;mits, information about the nuts, production, history and uses, nutritional value.


There are at least 15 species of Juglans. The 4 most important for their edible nuts are the Persian or English walnut, the American black walnut, the Japanese walnut, and the butternut or American white walnut. The English walnut is now imported to this country from France. It is also grown on the California coast, but the growers bleach the nuts for appearance, ruining the food value and delicate flavor. Black walnuts were important to the early native Americans as food, while Colonial Americans fed the nutmeat to their swine because it was so abundant. The black walnut is more difficult to extract than the English, yet sweeter in flavor. The Japanese walnut tree is used primarily for its wood and ornamental quality. As for the butternut, its popularity has passed with a generation. Walnut wood is among the hardest and most beautiful. Unfortunately, butternut wood is so beautiful that indiscriminate clear-cutting has greatly reduced its number. Ground walnut shells are pressed to obtain the oils, boiled to make fabric dyes, and rubbed as an abrasive to clean and polish metals. Walnut meat has a laxative effect, and it has been recommended to people with liver ailments because of its richness in minerals.

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