Iraq: Random Facts and Trivia

Some random facts and trivia for the country of the world Iraq, the oil economy, the Sunni and Shiite populations, origins and meanings of the name.

IRAQ

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Male domination is almost total on all levels from the Government to the family.

The Sunni Arab population of central and northwest Iraq, with extensions in Basra and some other southern urban areas, has long been the base of power in Arab Iraq. The majority Shiite Arab population is powerless; it is an impoverished, often landless, agricultural population found both in the rural southern areas and, increasingly, among the underemployed and unemployed urban poor.

Oil production is the key element in the Iraqi economy. In 1972 Iraq nationalized the bulk of Western oil interests, and further smaller nationalizations now give the Iraqi Government control of over 90% of the oil production from Iraqi fields. Many experts feel that Iraq's total reserves may prove 2nd only to those of Saudi Arabia.

The name "Iraq" means "well-rooted country," an allusion to the area's long history. It is said that it was here that Adam and Eve lived in the Garden of Eden, that Nebuchadnezzar ruled, and that Hammurabi established the 1st written code of law.

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