Major Engineering Events in History: First Successful Steam Engine 1725 A.D.

About the major engineering events in history, the first successful steam engine built in 1725 A.D.

Great Engineering Feats from Early Times to the Present

1725 A.D. (The 1st Successful Steam Engine). In 1663 the Marquis of Worcester published a book entitled Century of Inventions in which he described an apparatus for pumping water. It was never built. In 1698, one Thomas Savery patented the marquis' idea, but the device proved only a novelty. Thomas Newcomen, meanwhile, was working on a similar but more complicated version, based on an idea by Denis Papin. Papin's idea was that if a cylinder with a fitted piston were filled with steam, and then the steam was rapidly condensed, a vacuum would result and this would allow atmospheric pressure to close the cylinder. After 10 years of experimentation, Newcomen constructed a successful working model. He sold his 1st engine to John Bate and Company of Connygree Colliery at Tipton in Staffordshire, England, where he constructed the engine in situ utilizing carpenters, blacksmiths, plumbers, and masons from the immediate area. In 1725, his engine became successfully operational, lifting 3 million lbs. of water one foot on one bushel of coal.

Within a few decades, the Industrial Revolution was born, based on improved, more efficient versions of Thomas Newcomen's engine.

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