Major World Religions Christian Sects United Church of Christ
About the United Church of Christ sect of Christianity, some of the history of the church, beliefs and meanings behind the religious tradition.
United Church of Christ
The United Church of Christ, one of America's newer Protestant groups, came into being in 1957 when the Evangelical and Reformed Church united with the General Council of the Congregational Churches of the U.S.
The 1st of these organizations was itself created by a previous union (1934) between the Reformed Church in the U.S. and the Evangelical Synod of North America. Each of these groups had its roots in European Protestantism; their beliefs were carried to the American Colonies by immigrants from Switzerland and the German states.
By contrast, the General Council of the Congregational Churches of the U.S. was rooted in Congregationalism. This faith began in 16th-century England, where it was known as a Separatist movement because its members wanted to break away from the Church of England, for they were strongly opposed to bishops and presbyteries. After exile in Holland, a small group, called the Pilgrims, migrated to America, establishing their 1st church in the New World at Plymouth, Mass., in 1620. Congregationalism became the established religion in some of the Colonies. Always active in education, it founded Harvard, Yale, and many other colleges.
The 2 million members of the United Church of Christ are free to interpret God's word in their own way, so worship varies with the individual church.
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