Mongolia: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, history, size, population, and government of the country Mongolia.



Location-A landlocked, oval-shaped country in the middle of East Asia isolated between the Soviet Union to the north and the People's Republic of China to the south.

How Created-Early in the 13th century after the nomadic tribes roaming the area united to form a feudal state, the borders as they are now began to assume roughly their present shape. Genghis Khan's rule established Mongolian autonomy soon after and although expansion nearly equal to the Eurasian communist land mass today followed his conquests, only a territory approximately the same as the present area was considered to be Mongolia. The boundaries established coincide with a plateau that averages 5,000' in altitude.

Size-604,000 sq. mi. (1,565,000 sq. km.), about the same area as Western Europe.

Population-1,650,000: Khalka, 75.3%; Kayakh, 5.2%; Durbet, 2.9%; Buryat, 2.5%; Bayat, 2.1%; Russian, 1.8%; Dariganga, 1.7%; Uryankhai, 1.3%; Dzakhchin, 1.3%; other, 5.9%. All religion is discouraged by the Government, but the influence of Tibetan Buddhism is still strong.

Who Rules-The 1960 constitution describes Mongolia as a socialist state. There is only one political party, the Mongolian People's Revolutionary party, and it governs through a Parliament and Council of Ministers. The party has nearly 60,000 members and it is 2nd only to the Soviet Union's in experience with socialistic administration.

Who REALLY Rules-Although Mongolia is its own boss, the Soviet Union, which was instrumental in establishing the country as a socialist state in 1921, wields tremendous influence in Mongolian affairs because of the vast amount of economic, technological, and military assistance it has continuously poured into the country.

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