Niger: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, history, size, population, and government of the country Niger.



Location-Landlocked, to the northwest of the center of Africa. To the east, Chad; to the northeast, Libya; northwest, Algeria; west, Mali and Upper Volta; to the south, Dahomey and Nigeria.

How Created--The boundaries are artificial, enclosing an area explored by the French and established as a military district for the purpose of unifying France's West African and Central African territories.

Size--458,075 sq. mi. (1,186,408 sq. km.).

Population--4.6 million: Hausa, 53.7%; Zerma-Songhai, 23.6%; Fulani, 10.6%; Beriberi-Manga, 9.1%; Tuareg and others, 3%. 85% Muslim, 14.5% Animist, 0.5% Christian.

Who Rules--The President is elected to a 5-year term, as are the 50 members of the legislative Assembly. A 2/3 majority in the Assembly on a motion of censure will dissolve the Assembly and force the Government to resign. The Parti Progressiste Nigerien is the only legally constituted political party.

Who REALLY Rules--Niger, a very poor nation with a totally inadequate transportation system for the export of goods, must rely on foreign assistance for survival. As a member of the Conseil de l'Entente, Niger receives financial aid and has about 250,000 teachers and technicians from France. Roads are being built at the expense of France, Canada, the U.S., and the UN.

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