Pakistan: Random Facts and Trivia
Some random facts and trivia for the country of the world Pakistan, history of the military aid of the United States, ethnic problems.
In 1951, the U.S. began to give military and economic aid to Pakistan and a mutual defense agreement was signed in 1954. The Pakistani military ousted the elected Government in 1958, and Gen. Mohammad Ayub Khan became dictator. By 1969, the U.S. had given between $1.5 and $2 billion to the Pakistani military.
When Ayub Khan took power he set out to unify the military, the bureaucracy, the industrialists, and some landlords. The U.S. provided aid and advisers for the new economic development and by 1969, $3 billion in economic aid, mainly loans, had been given. Pakistan was mortgaged to the U.S. The condition attached to this "aid" was that private enterprise be encouraged. Experts from Harvard University's Development Advisory Service poured in to direct the new development. The result of Pakistan's "decade of development" was control of the national economy by 20 to 25 families. These families monopolized 80% of banking, 70% of insurance, and 66% of industry by 1968.
Pakistan is faced with a continuing problem of nationalities, even after the secession of the Bengalis in 1971. In Baluchistan, Sind, and North West Frontier the repression--social and economic, as well as political--of the various minority nationalities has created movements for equality and social change that sometimes take on a secessionist thrust.
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