Psychic Phenomenon Psychokinesis or Telekinesis Part 1
About the psychic phenomenon known as psychokinesis or telekinesis, history and scientific study of moving objects with one's mind including psychophotography.
Otherwise known as PK, psychokinesis is the influencing or moving of physical objects by, for want of a better term, willpower. In other words, PK is mind over matter. If the gambler can really affect the fall of dice by concentrating, then he is using PK. In the realm of psi, PK is the other side of the coin from ESP, for whereas with ESP something is coming into the mind from the outside, with PK something is going from the mind to affect part of the environment, most often, though not always, by affecting the movement of inanimate objects.
The 1st major attempt to prove or disprove the existence of PK was made by Dr. J. B. Rhine and his associates in the 1930s, with a long series of experiments to see whether PK could affect the fall of dice. At 1st subjects attempted to make the dice fall with a specific face upward. Later dice fell down a chute while subjects tried to will them to fall toward the left or the right at the bottom. The results of some of these experiments were positive, since they would have occurred by chance only once in many thousands of repetitions--strong evidence that PK was in action. Since then, various machines have been developed to ensure that PK experiments are even more rigidly controlled, and many different types of targets have been used. Ingo Swann, an artist and psychic, has attempted to change the temperature inside sealed, insulated containers, with highly significant results. Subjects have also tried either to speed or slow the motion of various forms of pendulum--again with, in some cases, great success.
Even more exciting are reports of PK experiments with Nelya Kulagina, a middle-aged Russian woman. Russian films have shown her apparently causing metal cylinders, matches, a matchbox, cigarettes, compass needles, and even the compass itself, to move--always without touching them, and sometimes when they were under a Plexiglas cover. Kulagina has known untouched objects to fall from shelves in her apartment when she was angry, occurrences reminiscent of poltergeist phenomena which are probably also due to PK.
In thoughtography (or psychophotography) there are changes in photographic emulsion which create unexpected pictures or other unexplainable effects. The only apparent explanation is that either fraud or PK is involved.
The best-known thoughtographer at the present time is Ted Serios, whose exploits with both thoughtography and alcohol have made him a legend in the world of psi. At his best, Serios has produced Polaroid pictures of buildings and faces, as well as innumerable blurs, smudges, and all-black and all-white photographs which seem unexplainable. His informal and often inebriated way of working has brought him--and Jule Eisenbud, who has researched his abilities--considerable criticism. Several stage magicians have claimed to be able to reproduce his effects by sleight of hand, but to date none has done so under the controlled conditions that have, at times, been used for Serios. On the other hand, Serios' validity has not yet been proved beyond all doubt.
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