Senegal: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government
About the location, size, population, and government of the land Senegal.
Location--In the "hump" of West Africa, with a western coastline along the Atlantic Ocean; to the north, Mauritania; to the east, Mali Republic; to the south, Guinea-Bissau and Guinea; Gambia cuts into the south of Senegal.
How Created--Senegal is the oldest of the French West African colonies. The borders were created arbitrarily.
Size--78,684 sq. mi. (203,793 sq. km.).
Population--4,350,000: Wolof, 35.5%; Serer, 19.1%; Tukulor, 13.6%; Fulani, 7.4%; Dyola, 6.9%; Malinke, 5.3%; other, 12.2%. 89.7% Muslim, 5.7% Christian, 2.6% no religion, 2% Animist.
Who Rules--President has full executive power; 100-member Legislative Assembly, elected by universal suffrage to 5-year terms.
Who REALLY Rules--France supplies Senegal with technical and financial aid, and maintains military bases in the country. Senegal maintains cordial relations with the U.S., U.S.S.R., Israel, and the Arab states.
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