Sudan: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, size, population, and government of the country Sudan.



Location--Northeast Africa; running along its east are the Red Sea and Ethiopia; along the west are Libya, Chad, and the Central African Republic; north is Egypt; south are Zaire, Uganda, and Kenya.

How Created--The Sudan did not exist as a single territory until 1821, when the forces of Mohammed Ali, viceroy of Egypt under the Turks, conquered the area (excepting Darfur) and added it to the Ottoman Empire. Later, British control and influence prevented Egypt from annexing its southern neighbor, though the 2--Britain and Egypt--ruled the Sudan jointly. Following W.W. II, it was agreed that the Sudan should become independent, and a Parliament was elected. Independence was proclaimed on January 1, 1956.

Size--967,491 sq. mi. (2,505,805 sq. km.).

Population--18,000,000: Arab, 48.7%; Dinka, 11.5%; Nubian, 8.1%; Beja, 6.4%; Nuer, 5%; Azande, 2.7%; Bari, 2.6%; For, 2.2%; Koalib, 1.9%; other, 10.9%. 72% Muslim, 27% Animist, 1% Christian.

Who Rules--Executive is the President, theoretically limited by an interim constitution and constituent assembly but these are currently suspended.

Who REALLY Rules--President Gaafer al-Nimeiry, who seized power in a military coup in 1969 and dissolved the legislative body, the constituent assembly. Political parties are banned except for the Nasser-style Sudanese Socialist Union created by Nimeiry. The general serves as both its chairman and secretary-general. The opposition, though driven underground, is still felt. General Nimeiry received his Master's degree in military science at the U.S. Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., in 1966.

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