Surinam: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government
About the Surinam, information, history size, location, population, people, culture, and government.
Surinam (formerly Dutch Guiana)
Size--63,251 sq. mi. (163,820 sq. km.). Population--475,000.
Surinam is located on the northeast coast of South America. By the Treaty of Breda (1667) the Dutch obtained possession of Surinam and gave the British permanent possession of New Amsterdam (New York). The area was originally populated by Arawak and Carib Indians who still make up 2.7% of the population. When the Dutch came, they imported African slaves to do the work, but the Africans escaped into the jungle. Their descendants, known as "Bush Negroes" are 10.2% of the population. Next the Dutch brought in indentured servants from India (36.9%) and Indonesia (15.3%). Most of the remainder of the inhabitants today are Creoles (30.7%). There is also a smattering of Chinese and even a few leftover Dutch. Surinam is the world's 2nd largest supplier of bauxite and about 80% of its production goes to the U.S. U.S. interests, principally Alcoa, control the entire industry.
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