Taiwan Republic of China: Random Facts and Trivia

Some random facts and trivia for the country of the world Taiwan, the history with People's Republic of China, U.S. military aid.

TAIWAN

NOTES

Taiwan has formally been under martial law since the KMT exodus. Criticism of the Government, sympathy or communism, and discussion of Taiwanese independence are prohibited. Military courts try political crimes. There are an estimated 4,000 political prisoners. Strikes are illegal.

Taiwan's peasants are better off than peasants in most other Third World capitalist countries. The transplanted KMT had no vested interest in maintaining the Taiwanese landlord class, and it needed popular support somewhere, so it introduced an exhaustive land reform program in the early '50s. All 800,000 farm households on Taiwan work their own land. Farms, which cannot be larger than 7.5 acres, average 2.2 acres.

The People's Republic of China has never mounted an invasion to regain control of Taiwan (both the communists and the KMT consider Taiwan a province of China), but in 1954-1955 and 1958 it applied military pressure to Taiwan-held islands along the mainland coast. In 1954 the communists seized the distant. Tachen islands. The U.S., however, backed Taiwan's claim to Kinmen (Quemoy) and Matsu with the 7th fleet and increased military aid, signing a mutual security pact.

Since 1949 the U.S. has supplied Taiwan with well over $3 billion in military aid, including the training of over 24,000 military personnel. Currently the U.S. has 4,500 troops stationed on Taiwan.

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