The Gambia: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the Gambia, information, history size, location, population, people, culture, and government.

The Gambia

Size--4,003 sq. mi. (10,368 sq. km.). Population--400,000.

Gambia is a sliver of a country on Africa's northwest coast. Gambia, which gained independence in 1965, was Great Britain's 1st African colony when it was "purchased" in 1588 as a corridor along the river best suited for getting into West Africa. Since the French had arrived there earlier, Gambia was a gate that failed to give the British access to the French-controlled backcountry. Later in the colonial period, human beings became the area's chief export commodity. Today peanuts represent 95% of Gambia's exports and the economy has been further improved by an influx of Scandinavian winter vacationers. Gambia added "The" to its name in order to distinguish it further from Zambia.

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