The Paris Commune in 1871

About the history of France after the Franco-Prussian War, the Paris Commune in 1871.

1871 THE PARIS COMMUNE

After France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War, the nation was split into 2 factions. There was the new republic and regular army under Thiers at Versailles; and there was the Commune de Paris composed of working people and the National Guard. The Commune, which controlled Paris, abolished military conscription, separated State from Church, reduced salaries of public officials to that of skilled workmen, planned the transfer of abandoned factories to workers' associations, brought women into government. On May 21, the Versailles army entered Paris, executed 20,000 Communards, arrested 36,000 citizens, jailed and deported 15,000.

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