United States and American History: 1783

About the United States history in 1783, the signing of the treaty, Webster's first dictionary, and the Newburgh Addresses.


--Noah Webster published his American Spelling Book. Estimated sales in the next 100 years: 70 million. It Americanized English for such words as colour and labour by dropping the "u's."

Mar. 12--15 The "Newburgh Addresses" urged Continental officers to revolt against a "country that tramples on your rights. . . ." Exerting his great personal influence, Washington convinced military leaders to reject the anonymous sedition. Later, Major John Armstrong, Jr., was identified as the author.

Apr. 26 About 7,000 Tories sailed from New York, the last of nearly 100,000 Loyalists who voluntarily left the U.S. Their destination: Nova Scotia and other foreign lands.

May 30 The Pennsylvania Evening Post became the 1st newspaper to be published daily.

Sept. Yale reported the highest enrollment of any U.S. college: 270.

Sept. 3 A Day of Peace. The final treaty was signed in Paris. Its terms: Britain kept Gibraltar. France was given Tobago and Senegal. Spain got the Floridas. The U.S. got all land east of the Mississippi, south of Canada, and north of the Floridas. Negotiated by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay, the treaty has been called the greatest diplomatic feat in U.S. history.

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