United States and American History: 1794

About the history of the United States in 1794, the Whiskey Rebellion, the first African-American church, the U.S. Navy established, the Treaty of Greenville.


-Charlotte Temple, a sentimental "seduction" novel by Susanna Rowson, achieved wide popularity in America after having been unsuccessful in England. It has been continuously in print since its original publication date.

-Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania. The frontier farmers objected to a tax on whiskey when whiskey itself was their medium of exchange. The cost of sending grain to eastern markets was more than the grain would bring, so they converted it to whiskey which could be easily stored, transported, and traded. Tax collectors were tarred and feathered or met with shotguns. One farmer and his neighbor welcomed excise officers with generous servings of Jamaica ginger laced with whiskey. The genial hosts remained hospitable until the officers passed out, then slipped off and hid the still. President Washington ordered Federal troops to put down the "acts" that he said amounted to treason. With General "Light-Horse Harry" Lee in command, the army restored order. Some of the leaders were arrested and taken to Philadelphia for trial. Only 2 were convicted and they were pardoned by the President. The new Government had proved to the nation that it could enforce laws enacted by Congress.

-The 1st independent Methodist Church for Negroes was established at Philadelphia. Its founder, Richard Allen, a former slave, became bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1816.

Mar. 27 An act of Congress marked the founding of the U. S. Navy. After the Revolution (circa 1785) the Navy declined to virtual nonexistence. It had to be re-established to protect neutral American ships from being plundered.

Aug. 20 Gen. Anthony Wayne decisively defeated the Indians at the battle of Fallen Timbers. A strict disciplinarian, Wayne had trained his troops for 2 years in the tactics of forest warfare before launching his successful campaign which, followed by the Treaty of Greenville in 1795, opened up most of what is now Ohio for settlement. Thus Indian resistance was broken, and the fighting-at least for a time-came to an end.

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