United States and American History: 1815

About the history of the United States in 1815, the Battle of New Orleans after peace declared, war and treaty with Algiers in the span of months.

1815

Jan. Three messages were en route to Washington:

1. news of peace

2. word of the Battle of New Orleans

3. message of the Hartford Convention

Jan. Congress authorized the President to put State troops into national service.

Jan. 8 At the Battle of New Orleans, there were 2,000 British casualties. News of peace had not yet reached the States.

Mar. 3 War was declared by Congress on Algiers. The Dey of Algiers had been demanding tribute and taking American prisoners.

Mar. 4 James Madison in his Inaugural Address said, ". . . always remember that an armed and trained militia is the firmest bulwark of republics. . . ." This was a departure from his sentiments during the Virginia Convention of 1787, when he had called a standing army "one of the greatest mischiefs that can possibly happen."

July 3 Treaty with Algiers. Americans were returned without ransom, and tribute payments were no longer demanded.

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