United States and American History: 1845

About the history of the United States in 1845, National Election Day is set, Baptists fight over slavery, Polk becomes president, Manifest Destiny is coined.


--The Baptists split over the slavery issue. Antislavery Baptists did not permit a slave holder to be a missionary. The Southern Baptist Convention came about as a result.

--A postal act in 1845 reduced postage to 5c per half ounce for a 300-mi delivery.

Jan. 23 Uniform Election Day for presidential elections was set by law.

Mar. 4 President James K. Polk said in his Inaugural Address: "Melancholy is the condition of that people whose government can be sustained only by a system which periodically transfers large amounts from the labor of the many to the cofflers of the few."

Mar. 28 The Mexican Government broke off diplomatic relations with the U.S.

June 4 Hatch's sowing machine was demonstrated. This invention sowed wheat, oats, and other grasses.

July John L. O'Sullivan, editor of U.S. Magazine and Democratic Revue espoused the divine right, or "manifest destiny," of the U.S. to occupy and govern the whole North American continent. The term quickly became popular.

July 4 Delegates to the 1st National Convention of the Native American party met in Philadelphia to take political action against "the danger of foreign influence," otherwise known as immigrants.

Dec. 29 Texas was admitted as the 28th State; it was also the 15th slave State.

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