United States and American History: 1866

About the history of the United States in 1866, first artificial insemination, the first major cattle drive, Civil Rights Act is passed.


--Dr. James Marion Sims, practicing at Woman's Hospital, New York City, performed the 1st artificial insemination on a female patient.

--Tammany Hall's boss, William Marcy Tweed, "bought" the State legislative assembly. Tweed's organization, using bribery and fraud, garnered illegal sums that may have amounted to $200 million in the next 6 years.

--The 1st big cattle drive took place as cow-boys drove 260,000 head from Texas to Kansas, Missouri, and Iowa. In the next 20 years, between 4 and 8 million cattle were driven north. This practice was hotly opposed by Indians and farmers who lived en route, and many battles took place.

Apr. 9 Congress passed the Civil Rights Act over President Johnson's veto. Excluding the Indian, it made citizens of all native-born Americans.

May In Memphis,46 ex-slaves were murdered in one month.

May 16 The nickel was authorized. Except for the years 1942 to 1946, its composition has always been 75% copper, 25% nickel.

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