United States and American History: 1912

About the history of the United States in 1912, discovery of vitamins, textile workers strike, Roosevelt 'throws his hat in the ring' as a Bull Moose, the Titanic sinks.


--Research began at Yale on a mysterious group of substances that affect body health. Professor Elmer McCollum announced that 2 organic compounds called "vitamin A" and "vitamin B" were needed to prevent dietary deficiencies.

Jan. Twenty-five thousand textile workers of 14 nationalities went on strike against the American Woolen Co., of Lawrence, Mass. When money and food became dangerously scarce, IWW organizers arranged to have the children of Lawrence sent to other cities to be housed and fed by supporters there. On February 10, the 1st 119 children were sent to New York where they were met by a crowd of 5,000. Public opinion swayed heavily to the side of the strikers and on February 4, police in Lawrence tried to stop a group of children from boarding a train to Philadelphia by attacking the children and their parents with clubs. By March 12, so much hostility was directed at the American Woolen Co. that the firm gave in and agreed to a wage hike.

Feb. 24 Rough Rider Theodore Roosevelt reentered politics with the flamboyant phrase echoed by politicians ever since: "My hat is in the ring." As the "Bull Moose" party candidate for President, he drew enough votes away from William Howard Taft to ensure Woodrow Wilson's election.

Apr. 14-15 On its maiden voyage, the unsinkable Titanic struck an iceberg and sank, carrying 1,500-including many prominent Americans-to their deaths. The disaster initiated new Federal orders that steamships must carry lifeboats sufficient in number to hold all passengers and crew. An "iceberg patrol" was also begun.

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