United States and American History: 1925

About the history of the United States in 1925, the Scope Monkey trial of evolution v. creationsim, Ford offers the Model T. in other colors, proposal for an Air Force.


-While the U.S. Army had 9,500 men still assigned to horse-drawn cavalry units, Brig. Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell vigorously proposed establishment of a modern military air service. Because he refused to keep quiet on this issue, despite demotion in rank and assignment to a remote Texas post, he faced a courtmartial for insubordination. Mitchell was found Guilty and suspended from rank, command and duty and pay for 5 years. (See also: Court-Martials, Chap. 10.)

Feb. According to the U.S. Attorney General, approximately 332 foreign vessels were engaged in organized liquor smuggling. Most of the large foreign vessels lay 3 mi. or more out at sea waiting for smaller boats to ferry the liquor ashore to U.S. bootleggers.

July Earlier in the year, Tennessee legislators had voted it unlawful for a teacher in a State-supported school "to teach any theory that denies the story of the divine creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals." John Scopes, a high school teacher in Dayton, decided to test the law. In late July, Scopes was convicted of violating the Tennes-see law and fined $100.

Sept. Henry Ford announced that his cars, previously all black, would now be offered in "deep channel green" and "rich Windsor maroon" as well as black.

Oct. A torrent of migrants poured into Florida during early fall, seeking to buy a plot of ground. Arriving by touring car, train, steamship, and afoot, tourists and fortune seekers camped along the 300-mi. route from Jacksonville to Miami and also along Florida's west coast. Most of the 20 million lots offered for sale had been put on the market in 1924-1925.

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