United States and American History: 1931
About the history of the United States in 1931, a chain gang movie released, writers investigate miners strike, the national anthem is adopted, the Scottsboro Boys trial.
--A film, I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang, starring Paul Muni and based on a true account, caused such an uproar that many of the abuses of the chain-gang prison system were ended.
--A group of writers, including Theodore Dreiser and John Dos Passos, went to Harlan Country (popularly known as "Bloody Harlan") Ky., to investigate a miners' strike. These authors were indicted for criminal syndicalism to overthrow the Government.
Mar. 3 Herbert Hoover signed an act making "The Star-Spangled Banner" the national anthem.
Mar. 25 Nine black youths seized near Scottsboro, Ala., were charged with rape. The case of the "Scottsboro Boys" aroused worldwide concern. The defendants were released and vindicated after years of confinement. The case established the right of blacks to serve on juries.
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