United States and American History: 1949
About the history of the United States in 1949, Tokyo Rose convicted of treason, the bikini invented, NATO pact signed, cortisone discovered.
--Mrs. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino was convicted of treason. U.S. born Mrs. D'Aquino--better known as "Tokyo Rose," for her propaganda broadcasts from Japan to U.S. troops in the South Pacific--received a 10-year sentence and a $10,000 fine. Her 65-minute show, heard at 8 P.M. daily all over the Pacific theater, mixed war news, good dance music, chit-chat, and other entertainment. It was extremely popular due to its nonpropaganda segments.
--French fashion produced a new type of bathing suit for women: the "bikini."
Jan. 7 Drs. Daniel Pease and Richard Baker announced their success in photographing the gene during experiments at the University of Southern California. The tissue sections they used were magnified by 120,000 diameters.
Apr. 4 The U.S. signed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization--or NATO--pact. It pledged to join Canada and 10 West European countries in mutual resistance of armed attack on any member nation.
Apr. 20 Cortisone was discovered. Its most immediate use: for relief of rheumatoid arthritis.
Oct. 21 Judge Harold Median sentenced 11 top U.S. Communists to terms of up to 5 years in prison and fined them $10,000.
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