United States and American History: 1952

About the history of the United States in 1952, Charlie Chaplin is exiled for political reasons, Nixon comes clean to America, Eisenhower is elected president.

1952

--A campaign of harassment by the FBI and the Internal Revenue Service against Charlie Chaplin, instigated because of his heretical political opinions, drove the filmmaker into exile. Chaplin stated:

America is so terribly grim in spite of all that material prosperity. They no longer know how to weep. Compassion and the old neighborliness have gone, people stand by and do nothing when friends and neighbors are attacked, libeled and ruined. The worst thing is what it has done to the children. They are being taught to admire and emulate stool pigeons, to betray and to hate, and all in a sickening atmosphere of religious hypocrisy.

Jan. General Van Fleet, the commander of U.S. troops in Korea, said: "Korea has been a blessing. There had to be a Korea here or some place in the world."

Sept. 23 Richard M. Nixon, the Republican vice-presidential candidate, went on nationwide television to explain an $18,000 private slush fund set up for him by a group of millionaire backers. Nixon described his childhood ("Most of my early life was spent in a family grocery store.") his war experience, and his battle against communism. He claimed that the slush fund was for "necessary political expenses" and "exposing communism." He asserted about his wife: "I should say this--that Pat doesn't have a mink coat. But she does have a respectable Republican cloth coat." He then added that he had received another gift, "a little cocker spaniel dog in a crate that [was] sent all the way from Texas. Black and white spotted. And our little girl--Trisha, the 6-year-old--named it Checkers. And you know, the kids love the dog, and I just want to say this right now, that regardless of what they say about it, we're gonna keep it!" The next day Dwight Eisenhower embraced Nixon and assured him that he would remain on the GOP ticket. "You're my boy!" said Ike. Addressing a cheering crowd, Eisenhower said about his running mate: "He is...completely vindicated as a man of honor." Some time later, at a New York advertising men's luncheon, Nixon reflected: "No TV performance takes such careful preparation as an off-the-cuff talk."

Nov. 4 Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected President over the Democratic candidate, Adlai E. Stevenson.

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