United States and American History: Early 1950

About the history of the United States in 1950, population and immigration, Hiawatha movie shelved for fear of communist themes, anti-communism boiling, Senator McCarthy.

1950

--U.S. population--150,697,361.

--Between 1950 and 1960, 2,515,000 immigrants entered the U.S.

--The New York Times reported from Holly wood:

Fear that a motion picture dealing with the life and exploits of Hiawatha might be regarded as Communist propaganda has caused Monogram Studio to shelve such a project. It was Hiawatha's efforts as a peacemaker among the warring Indian tribes of his day, which brought about the federation of 5 nations, that gave Monogram particular concern, according to a studio spokesman. These, it was decided, might cause the picture to be regarded as a message for peace and therefore helpful to present Communist designs.

--The Los Angeles Times editorially advised its readers what to do if approached by a petitioner for peace: "Don't punch him in the nose. Reds are used to that. Get his name and address and phone the FBI."

--A short circuit in the New York City subways caused 1,000 passengers to stampede, believing that W.W. III had started. Many shrieked: "War! The Russians!"

--Sen. Joseph McCarthy, speaking before the Women's Republican Club in Wheeling, W.Va., stated: "I have here in my hand a list of 205--a list of names that were known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping the policy in the State Dept." The next day McCarthy charged that there were "57 card-carrying members of the Communist party" in the State Dept.; he wired President Truman demanding action. McCarthy latched onto the issue of communism after discarding proposals advocating the St. Lawrence Seaway and old-age pensions as too mundane to attract the attention of Wisconsin voters. The notion of a crusade against Communists originated with the FBI. The FBI leaked a 100-page document to a Pentagon intelligence officer with instructions for him to pass it on to the Jewish American League Against Communism. The League sifted through a roster of potential anticommunist campaigners and offered the document to McCarthy. Father Edmund A. Walsh, vice-president of George-town University and author of an anticommunist volume, Total Power, urged McCarthy to take up the struggle. Roy Cohn, McCarthy's top assistant, said: "Joe McCarthy bought communism in much the same way as other people purchase a new automobile."

May A Special Senate Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce, chaired by Sen. Estes Kefauver, conducted the 1st televised congressional hearings. The nation was held spellbound by the parade of witnesses and the continuous revelations. Young and Rubicam, a big advertising firm, took out full page ads in New York newspapers reading:

Out of many pictures has come a broader picture of the sordid intermingling of crime and politics, of dishonor in public life. And suddenly millions of Americans are asking: What's happened to our ideals of right and wrong? What's happened to our principles of honesty in government? What's happened to public and private standards of morality? Then they ask the most important question of all: How can we stop what's going on? Is there anything we can do about it?

00,000 South Korean, U.S. and UN forces, and the "police action" escalated.

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