United States and American History: Late 1892
About the history of the United States in 1892, the Populists party takes off, the first heavyweight championship boxing match with gloves, Chicago's world fair.
July 4 The 1st nominating convention of the People's party, or Populists, nominated for President, James Baird Weaver, a Union general from Iowa, and for Vice-President, James C. Field, a Confederate general from Virginia. A single banner across the stage said, "We Do Not Ask for Sympathy or Pity: We Ask for Justice." Most Populists were farmers and workers.
Aug. 15 When 100 miners marched on the convicts' quarters at the Oliver Springs mine in Anderson County, Tenn., the guards opened fire, wounding several. Miners poured into the area, marched on the stockade, disarmed the guards, burned the blockhouse, and returned the guards and convicts to Knoxville. Then they laid siege to Fort Anderson until an army of 500 soldiers arrived. The miners were arrested and locked up in railroad cars, a schoolhouse, and a Methodist church, but nearly all were eventually acquitted by local juries. The militia crushed the revolt, but the convict lease system was discredited and soon abolished.
Sept. 7 After decades of bareknuckled fighting, the 1st heavyweight championship in which the contestants wore padded gloves was staged in New Orleans, La., with James J. Corbett knocking out the heretofore invincible John L. Sullivan in the 21st round.
Oct. 12 The dedication of grounds at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, a super world's fair to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America. The fairgrounds sprawled over 686 acres, and the event cost $28 million. Over 21 million visitors came to the fair, wandering through the modernistic Transportation Building designed by Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan, enjoying the 27 colossal sculptures created by Daniel Chester French, listening to the popular "After the Ball Is Over" and to the martial music of John Philip Sousa's band, attending the races to see jockey Ed "Snapper" Garrison make another Garrison Finish, watching the world's 1st national fly-casting tournament, and observing the antics of Little Egypt doing the hootchy-kootchy, strongman Earl Sandow lifting weights, Swami Vivikenanda preaching purity and love.
--In Georgia, Populist gubernatorial candidate Tom Watson said to poor blacks and poor whites:
Now the People's party says to these 2 men, you are kept apart that you may be separately fleeced of your earnings. You are made to hate each other because upon that hatred is rested the keystone of the arch of financial despotism which enslaves you both.
When H. S. Doyle, a black preacher who had been campaigning for Watson, was threatened with lynching, 2,000 armed white farmers guarded him for 2 nights.
--During the election campaign in Georgia, white Democrats murdered 15 Negroes. They also stuffed ballot boxes extensively--in Augusta, the total vote was twice the number of registered voters.
Nov. 8 The Populists elected governors in Colorado, Kansas, North Dakota, and Wyoming. They also elected 2 senators, 11 House members, and sent 354 representatives to 19 State legislatures.
Nov. 8 In New Orleans, 20,000 workers, white, black, skilled, unskilled, industrial, and clerical, went on general strike demanding union recognition and closed shops. When the militia was called in, the unions backed down and the strike ended.
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