Upper Volta: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government
About the location, size, population, and government of the country Upper Volta.
Location--In West Africa; to the northwest, Mali; to the northeast, Niger; to the south, Dahomey, Togo, Ghana, and Ivory Coast.
How Created--The borders of Upper Volta were reshuffled in 1947 by the French, in an effort to reunite the Mossi tribes and to weaken the RDA, the Black Nationalist party.
Size--105,792 sq. mi. (274,000 sq. km.).
Population--5,800,000: Mossi, 48%; Fulani, 10.4%; Lobi, 7%; Malinke, 6.9%; Bobo, 6.7%; Senufo, 5.5%; Grunshi, 5.3%; Bisansi, 4.7%; Gurma, 4.5%; other, 1%. 75% Animist, 20% Muslim, 5% Roman Catholic.
Who Rules--After a military takeover in 1966, Gen. Sangoule Lamizana was elected President. A 1970 constitution provides for a republican form of government.
Who REALLY Rules--France, through the Fund for Aid and Cooperation, supplies Upper Volta with economic aid, technical assistance, and supports national development programs. France has at times paid higher than world-market prices for Upper Volta's exports in order to balance the trade deficit. No country, not even France, may maintain military bases in Upper Volta.
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