Vatican City: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government
About Vatican City, information, history size, location, population, people, culture, and government.
Size--109 acres or 0.16 sq. mi. (0.4 sq. km.), plus 13 buildings outside the papal boundaries, in Rome. Population--less than 1,000.
The State of Vatican City is in the heart of Rome, near the west bank of the Tiber River. It is a center of Catholic pilgrimage and Italian tourism. In 1870 the papal domain was annexed by the new Kingdom of Italy. The Popes refused to accept the annexation, convinced that they needed a physical domain to assure the independent exercise of their spiritual power. Finally, in 1929, Pope Pius XI recognized the Italian State as the legal embodiment of the Italian people, and in return was accorded his 109 acres. Vatican City's railroad line is the shortest in the world, 300 yards.
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