Who really killed JFK? Farewell America by James Hepburn

An excerpt from the book Farewell America by James Hepburn which examines the issue of who really killed John F. Kennedy.

FAREWELL AMERICA. By "James Hepburn". Vaduz, Liechtenstein: Frontiers Co., 1968.

About the book: Who really killed John F. Kennedy? This heavily researched report, prepared by the British Secret Service and published under the pseudonym "James Hepburn," is one of the few books which is not allowed to pass through the U.S. Customs. Much of this book is devoted to background, telling us who liked Kennedy, who disliked him, and who detested him. One whole chapter is devoted to excerpts from Kennedy's speeches during his last year as President. There is a long chapter on the history of the oil industry, with specific emphasis placed on Texas and Louisiana oilmen whose independent status made them more vulnerable to Kennedy's economic policies than the well-rooted wealth of the Rockefellers and other Northern oil powers. The authors estimate that the assassination and its cover-up cost between $5-10 million and that this money was raised by at least 100 people contributing from $10,000 to $50,000 each.

From the book: The attack was to be carried out by a team of 10 men, including 4 gunmen, each seconded by an assistant who would be responsible for their protection, evacuation, and radio liaison, and who would retrieve the shells. The 9th man would serve as a central radio operator, and the 10th was to create a last-minute diversion to enable the gunmen to get into position....

A few minutes before the arrival of the motorcade, a man wearing green army fatigues had a sudden fit of epilepsy in Elm Street. The attack lasted less than a minute and was over as suddenly as it had begun, but it drew the attention of the people standing around him. The police took the "epileptic" away....

In 30 years on the job, J. Edgar Hoover has developed an intelligence system which nothing-no racket, and certainly no conspiracy--can escape. Through its extensive network of informers, the FBI knows everything worth knowing that goes on in the U.S., even in areas that lie outside its legal jurisdiction. (After the assassination, the FBI submitted 25,000 investigative reports. It went so far as to describe the dreams of some of the witnesses.) The Dallas conspiracy was born and took root in places where the FBI was well represented. Its informers included former FBI agent James Rowley, chief of the Secret Service, Dallas District Attorney Henry Wade, CIA agent Guy Bannister, also a member of the Minutemen, and Lee Harvey Oswald. H. L. Hunt used former FBI agents as bodyguards, and Dallas police chief Curry was in contact with several FBI men and was under surveillance by the FBI, which had no fewer than 75 agents in Dallas.

By mid-October, Hoover had been informed of the existence of a plot and was familiar with many of the details. The FBI often launches an investigation on the strength of a rumor, and the information it received that fall from Boston, Chicago, and Dallas was based on far more than hearsay. These reports were checked out and verified. The week before the President's departure for Texas, Hoover knew exactly what was going to happen. Why did the FBI fail to intervene?

It is true that the FBI bore no responsibility for the security of the President. It is also true that every year dozens of investigations are made of threats against the life of the President. Moreover, the FBI is an investigative agency, not a national police force. Nevertheless, a section of the FBI Manual issued to each agent stipulates that:

"Any information indicating the possibility of an attempt against the person or safety of the President, members of the immediate family of the President, the President-Elect or the Vice-President must be referred immediately by the most expeditious means of communication to the nearest office of the U.S. Secret Service." ...

The regulations, however, were ignored.

Hoover, "the man who is almost a legend" (in the words of Rep. Gerald Ford) would probably not have agreed to cooperate with the Committee, but he did absolutely nothing to stop it. He may not have approved of the assassination, but he didn't disapprove of it either. Hoover preferred to stay out of other people's fights, especially when they involved business circles over which he exercised little control. Faced with a choice between his professional duty and his abhorrence of everything that President Kennedy represented, he chose the latter alternative. He also hoped that the affair would tarnish the reputation of the CIA and shatter his Attorney General.

After the assassination, the FBI pulled out its files and submitted its report. It laid the blame and designated the culprits. Texas got back at Hoover by declaring, on January 24, 1964, that Lee Oswald had been on the FBI payroll as an informer since 1962. Neither the FBI nor the CIA were ever called upon to clear themselves. The assassination was bigger than both of them.

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