Zambia: Location, History, Size, Population, & Government

About the location, size, population, and government of the country Zambia.



Location--South-central Africa; to the northwest, Zaire; to the northeast, Tanzania; to the east, Malawi; southeast, Mozambique; to the south, Rhodesia and Botswana; to the west, Angola.

How Created--Part of the empire built by Cecil Rhodes, Northern Rhodesia became a British protectorate in 1924. In 1953 the area was made part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, but extensive agitation led to its independence on October 24, 1964, at which time Northern Rhodesia became the Republic of Zambia. The people preferred to have their country named after the Zambesi River rather than the detested colonialist Cecil Rhodes.

Size--290,586 sq. mi. (752,614 sq. km.).

Population--4,850,000: African (mostly Bantu tribes), 98.5%; European, 1.1%; other, 0.4%. Mostly Animist but with over 15% Christian and some Hindus and Muslims.

Who Rules--President Kenneth Kaunda, elected by universal adult suffrage; the legislative assembly has 105 members, 100 elected by universal suffrage and 5 nominated by the President.

Who REALLY Rules--Kaunda has arranged for the gradual national takeover of foreign-owned copper-mining companies and foreign oil production companies. Zambia has nationalized billion-dollar industries--causing disputes with Britain and other foreign investors, which often had to be settled by 3rd parties and UN teams--in a determined effort to gain economic independence. Millions of dollars in aid come from Britain and other Western nations; a $10-million loan from Peking is being added to the contributions of Peking engineers who are building highways and bridges for Zambia.

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