Biography of Anne Frank Part 1

About the biography of Anne Frank, history of the non-survivor and sacrifice she made.



As Anne Frank began her diary in 1943, she wrote that no one "will be interested in the un-bosomings of a 13-year-old schoolgirl. . . ." For the next two years, until her death, she used this small red-checkered book to pour out her innermost thoughts and unmask well-concealed aspects of her personality. She had no idea that her secret diary would become the most human account of the most inhuman period in history, achieving greater impact than any other document on W.W. II.

Anne's real name was Annelies Marie. She was born in Frankfurt, the second daughter of a well-to-do middle-class Jewish family.

She was not a brilliant student, and she wrote with less feeling and imagination than many of her classmates. She was, by all accounts, a humorous, talkative, strong-willed girl who giggled and chattered with girl friends, flirted with boys, played Ping-Pong, loved nice clothes, and collected pictures of movie stars. She had such a fondness for make-believe that she would often take a suitcase on a one-hour visit next door.

Her family left Germany in 1933 to escape the reign of Nazi terror against the Jews and emigrated to Amsterdam. In 1940 the Netherlands fell to the Nazis, and strict anti-Jewish decrees were issued. The Franks did not change their daily routines at first, but Anne's father quietly made preparations to go into hiding should it become necessary.

In July, 1942, Anne's sister, Margot, was called for deportation. One morning shortly thereafter, the family gathered their personal belongings and walked in the pouring rain across Amsterdam to their hiding place, a few attic rooms above Mr. Frank's business. They were soon joined in this secret annex by four others: Mr. Van Daan, a business partner of Mr. Frank's; his wife; their son, Peter; and a dentist named Dussel.

During the next two years, Anne described in her diary their confinement in their cramped quarters. They could not venture outside, look through the curtain in the daylight, or speak above a whisper during working hours. Their links to the outside world were a radio and members of Mr. Frank's staff, who brought them supplies. Their tensions and quarrels developed into major personality conflicts because of their prisonlike existence.

Using life in the annex as a background, Anne wrote a moving account of her adolescence. With complete honesty, she vividly described her bodily changes, the ecstasy of her first kiss, her budding sexuality, and her longings for companionship and fun. She revealed her resentment toward her mother, her trust in her father, and her growing intimacy with Peter.

As the outside world shrank, her inner world grew. The more hatred, bitterness, and fear she saw, the greater her strength, courage, and compassion. From firsthand observations of the brutalities of war and people at their worst, she drew perceptive conclusions about the nature of people under duress and more also about herself.

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