Biography of Anne Frank Part 2

About the biography of Anne Frank, history of the non-survivor and sacrifice she made.

THE COURAGEOUS NONSURVIVORS

ANNE FRANK

She became aware of her own duality, her cheerful and gloomy sides, and called herself a "little bundle of contradictions." Although she had the strength to endure her loneliness and longings, she had occasional moods of restlessness and depression. "The sun is shining, the sky is deep blue, there is a lovely breeze, and I'm longing--so longing--for everything. To talk, for freedom, for friends, to be alone. And I do so long to. . .cry. . . ." After ventilating such feelings, she would reproach herself, because she felt that self-pity and despair served no purpose.

Her overall attitude was positive, and the philosophy of life that emerged can only be described as miraculous in someone whose existence was constantly threatened. She was sure that her determination to survive and her joy in life would sustain her under any circumstances. In one of her last entries, she wrote that "in spite of everything I still believe that people are really good at heart. I simply can't build up my hopes on a foundation consisting of confusion, misery, and death. I see the world gradually being turned into a wilderness, I hear the ever approaching thunder, which will destroy us too, I can feel the sufferings of millions, and yet, if I look up into the heavens, I think that it will all come right, that this cruelty too will end, and that peace and tranquillity will return again. . . ."

On Aug. 4, 1944, four Nazi policemen stormed into the annex and arrested the inhabitants. In their haste to plunder the group's jewels and money, they emptied Mr. Frank's briefcase but barely glanced at the notebooks Anne had hidden in it. A week after the arrest, Miep, one of the group's protectors and links to the outside world, returned to the annex, found the notebooks, and kept them in the event that the girl would return.

Only Mr. Frank returned. He had been in the hospital at Auschwitz when the Russians liberated the camp. Mrs. Frank had died of exhaustion in January, 1945.

In the fall of 1944, Anne and Margot had been transported to Bergen-Belsen. Margot died in March, 1945. Anne, sick with typhus, was not informed of her sister's death, but according to a surviving witness, she sensed what had happened. She died a few days later in a peaceful, quiet manner.

Upon his return to Amsterdam, Mr. Frank was given the diary. He made a few copies for his mother and close friends as a memorial to his family. One friend gave it to a history professor, who prepared an article about it for a Dutch newspaper. He urged Mr. Frank to get it published. Two major Dutch publishers rejected it, but a third accepted it, and soon it was translated into more than 20 languages and adapted into a play. Mr. Frank retired from business to devote his life to Anne's legacy. He set up humanitarian projects with the book's royalties and personally answered the thousands of letters he received.

The most remarkable response came from Germany. In West Berlin a social work home bearing Anne's name was established, and elsewhere an organization to combat anti-Semitism was founded. On Mar. 17, 1957, more than 2,000 young people marched, biked, or traveled by trains and buses to Bergen-Belsen to place flowers on the mass grave where Anne was buried.

In a quiet, humble way, Anne Frank succeeded in doing what postwar administrators had attempted, but failed, to do--make people feel the horrors of the Nazi regime.

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