Chemical Elements History and Information Carbon

About the chemical element Carbon, its symbol, atomic number and weight, who discovered it and when.

The Atomic Elements and Their Uses

(Element) (Symbol) (Atomic number) (Atomic weight)

Carbon C 6 12.011

Known since prehistoric times, carbon is the essential component in all living things. Since carbon is able to form such a variety of chemical bonds, scientists expect that life on other planets is based on carbon chemistry also. When crystallized, carbon forms a diamond--the hardest natural or synthetic substance in existence. To prove that diamonds are a form of carbon, Antoine Lavoisier burned one in 1772. The experiment was a success when the diamond caught fire and was transformed into carbon dioxide.

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