Country of the World India - Selected States

About some selected states in the country India, their location, size, population, leaders and rulers.




Tamil Nadu: This state occupies the eastern half of southern India, reaching from the city of Madras on the coast to the southern tip of the subcontinent. It has nearly 50 million people, most of whom are Hindus who speak the Dravidian language of Tamil.

Within the agricultural work force, the number of landless laborers increased from 30% in 1961 to 48% in 1971. Major causes have been a counterproductive "land reform" program and the introduction of "green revolution" techniques.

The governing party in Tamil Nadu is the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagham (DMK), which advocates state autonomy against Hindi (the language group) federal domination. The head of the DMK is a movie star. M.G. Ramachandran.

Maharashtra: Spreading inland from Bombay on the western coast, Maharashtra was fashioned in the years since independence from areas populated by Marathi-speaking peoples, who now make up three quarters of its more than 50 million citizens.

The well-educated Brahman caste and the traditionally illiterate but landed Maratha Kunbi have dominated the region. Only recently have peasant movements begun to emerge.

Uttar Pradesh: Originally formed as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state. With more than 90 million people, it ranks above all but seven nations. Hindi is the chief language of the Hindus who make up about 85% of the state's population.

Though a land reform program enacted in 1951 stripped large Zamindars (landlords) of their holdings, the Zamindars remain politically and economically powerful.

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