Country of the World Vatican City

About the country Vatican City, its location, size, population, leaders and rulers.

NATIONS AND THEIR RULER

VATICAN CITY

Size:.16 sq. mi. (.41 sq. km.), about 1/8 the size of New York's Central Park.

Population: 1,000.

The headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church in Rome and seat of its sovereign, the pope, Vatican City consists of St. Peter's Basilica, St. Peter's Square, administrative buildings north of the square, Belvedere Park, the Papal Palace, and the Vatican gardens. The pope also exercises sovereignty over certain buildings in Rome, a radio station outside town, and a villa at Castel Gandolfo. Poised for the Vatican's defense are three fully loaded submachine guns, hidden near the entrance to the palace, to be used, if necessary, by the well-trained Swiss Guards who serve as the Pope's personal bodyguard.

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