Famous Feasts in History The Last Supper of Jesus

About the famous biblical feast The Last Supper of Jesus Christ, history, menu, and description.


The Occasion: The Last Supper, Jerusalem, C. 29 A.D.

The Host: A friend in Jerusalem, in whose home the last meal was shared by Jesus and the Apostles.

The Menu: Since the Last Supper was a Jewish Passover meal, or seder, it probably included wine, dry unleavened bread (matzo), roast lamb, and bowls of bitter herbs which were dipped in a reddish sauce called haroseth, made of a number of ingredients including chopped apples, dates, figs, almonds, wine, and cinnamon. The oranges depicted in many Last Supper paintings were not known in the area at the time.

Table Talk: In accord with Jewish ceremony, Jesus and the Apostles probably sang the ritual song "Hallel." Jesus gave his disciples bread, saying, "This is my body," and wine, saying, "This is my blood." (Today the Christian sacrament called the Eucharist repeats his action.) Then he asked them to hold this same Last Supper periodically. During the evening, Jesus openly accused Judas Iscariot of conspiring to betray him. Finally, Jesus told the Apostles, according to John, that he would "be with them only a little longer. . . . Let not your heart be troubled: Ye believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father's house are many mansions. . . . I go to prepare a place for you."

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